Origin of the name Jumaane Edit
The name "Jumaane" is an East African name meaning "Born on Tuesday".
Although Jumaane gained its independence on Wednesday August 23, 1972 many people think of Tuesday the 22nd as the day that Jumaane gained it's independence, as it is this day that the Jumaane Declaration of Independence was written and signed by the leaders of Jumaane.
Although the Portuguese basked in the nautical achievement of successfully navigating the cape, they showed little interest in colonization of Jumaane and neighboring South Africa. The area's fierce weather and rocky shoreline posed a threat to their ships, and many of their attempts to trade with the local Khoikhoi ended in conflict. The Portuguese found the Mozambican coast more attractive, with appealing bays to use as way stations, prawns, and links to gold ore in the interior.
The Portuguese had little competition in the region until the late 16th century, when the English and Dutch began to challenge the Portuguese along their trade routes. Stops at the continent's southern tip increased, and the coast became a regular stopover for scurvy-ridden crews. In 1647, a Dutch vessel was wrecked in the present-day Kasaba Bay. The marooned crew, the first Europeans to attempt settlement in the area, built a fort and stayed for a year until they were rescued.
Shortly thereafter, the Dutch East India Company (in the Dutch of the day: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, or VOC) decided to establish a permanent settlement. The VOC, one of the major European trading houses sailing the spice route to the East, had no intention of colonising the area, instead wanting only to establish a secure base camp where passing ships could shelter, and where hungry sailors could stock up on fresh supplies of meat, fruit, and vegetables. To this end, a small VOC expedition under the command of Jan van Riebeeck reached Kasaba Bay on 6 April 1652.[2 ]
Once settled in present day Jumaane the Dutch moved inland acquiring more farmland. On the way many Dutch found native wives and the resulting generation helped lay the foothold for the Afrikaner race. These Dutch settlers brought with them their Christian religion which is now an intrical part of Jumaane culture. Unfortunately the Dutch also wiped out much of the native population on their conquest with wars and introduced diseases. Later, around 1688, Germans and Scandinavians also arrived in Jumaane. There was very little conflict as these were very similar neighbors in Europe, with the only difference their languages.
The British are Coming! The British are Coming!Edit
As the 18th century drew to a close, Dutch mercantile power began to fade and the British moved in to fill the vacuum. They seized the Bay in 1795 to prevent it from falling into the hands of Napoleonic France, then briefly relinquished it back to the Dutch (1803), before definitively conquering it in 1806. British sovereignty of the area was recognised at the Congress of Vienna in 1815.
At the tip of the continent the British found an established colony with 25,000 slaves, 20,000 white colonists, 15,000 Khoisan, and 1,000 freed black slaves. Power resided solely with a white élite in Kasaba Bay
Like the Dutch before them, the British initially had little interest in the Bay Colony, other than as a strategically located port. As one of their first tasks they tried to resolve a troublesome border dispute between the Boers and the Xhosa on the colony's eastern frontier. In 1820 the British authorities persuaded about 5,000 middle-class British immigrants (most of them "in trade") to leave Great Britain behind and settle on tracts of land between the feuding groups with the idea of providing a buffer zone. The plan was singularly unsuccessful. Within three years, almost half of these 1820 Settlers had retreated to the towns, notably Georgetown and Port Royal, to pursue the jobs they had held in Britain.
There is very little known information about Jumaane history before European Contact. Based on archealogical findings however, it is known that Bantu and Tswana Sotho people inhabited the area. These are the same people that inhabited Botswana and South Africa.
In the early 19th century many of the native Africans had had enough with the white control of the area by the Dutch and British. Nearly all of the tribes in Jumaane formed an alliance vowing to put an end to the white regime. The Dutch and British, despite their superior weapons the whites were no match for the natives as the natives knew the land extremely well and they outnumbered the whites by the millions. Around 1892 the natives finally defeated the whites and greatly weakened the British control of the region. This was the building blocks for avoiding the same Apartheid fate as South Africa.
World War I Edit
Jumaane was a British Domain and automatically joined with Great Britain and the allies against the German Empire. Both Prime Minister Casey Alphonzo and Defence Minister of Jumaane were part of significant military operations against Germany. In spite of Boer resistance at home, the Afrikaner-led government of Casey Alphonzo unhesitatingly joined the side of the Allies of World War I and fought alongside its armies. The Jumaane Government agreed to the withdrawal of British Army units so that they were free to join the European war, and laid plans to invade German South-West Africa. Elements of the Jumaanian army refused to fight against the Germans and along with other opponents of the Government rose in open revolt. The government declared martial law on 14 October 1914, and forces loyal to the government under the command of General Casey Alphonzo and Denis Joshua proceeded to destroy the rebellion. The leading Boer rebels got off lightly with terms of imprisonment of six-seven years and heavy fines.
Jumaane is very diverse geographically. To the west there is the Namib and Kalahari Deserts. To the east are the highlands. The Atlantic Ocean forms a narrow oasis on the western coast. Many of Jumaane's major cities are located in this oasis, such as, Okoboji, Kasaba Bay, Port Royal, and Mokolo.
Jumaane's climate is typical of semi-desert terrain, hot days and cool nights. The coastal regions are cooled by the cold Benguela current, causing fog and inhibiting rainfall. Over the eastern plateau in the country which is higher up, temperatures are understandably lower.
With 300 days of sunshine on average per year, Jumaane is truly a sunny place. Only during the summer months from November to February does rain occur, mostly as heavy thunderstorms. Then the usually dry riverbeds become saturated with torrents of muddy water in a very short time. It is during this time that the sun-scorched land comes to life and develops a colourful horizon to horizon floral carpet within a few days. The interior enjoys two rainy seasons: the short season is between October and December, marked by frequent thunderstorms. The longer season is from mid-January to April.
Summer is from October to April. Temperatures can reach 40º C which plummet at night to cool levels. Average daily temperatures range from 20 to 34º C. Winter is from May to September with wonderful warm days which are contrasted by very cold nights, when temperatures often drop to below freezing.
Namibia enjoys an average of 300 sunny days a year and the main camps in Okoboji National Park are open all year round. The best time for visiting the Namib desert is from May - September when temperatures are cooler - note however the nights can get cold. Kasaba Bay is a popular seaside resort especially over Christmas and Easter so advance bookings or avoiding those times should be considered.
The economy of Jumaane is typical of any African nation. The economy is driven by minerals and most citizens of Jumaane work in either mines or factories of foreign companies. Jumaane has the worst economy in the Alliance of Independent Nations and is currently getting aid from HTP (Help The Poverty). Jumaane is a middle-income, emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources; well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors; a stock exchange that is 19th largest in the world; and modern infrastructure supporting an efficient distribution of goods to major urban centers throughout the region. At the end of 2007, Jumaane began to experience an electricity crisis. State power supplier Eskom encountered problems with aged plants, necessitating "load-shedding" cuts to residents and businesses in the major cities. Growth was robust from 2004 to 2008 as Jumaane reaped the benefits of macroeconomic stability and a global commodities boom, but began to slow in the second half of 2008 due to the global financial crisis' impact on commodity prices and demand. GDP fell nearly 2% in 2009. Unemployment remains high and outdated infrastructure has constrained growth. Daunting economic problems remain from the 70s - especially poverty, lack of economic empowerment among the disadvantaged groups, and a shortage of public transportation. Jumaane's former economic policy was fiscally conservative, focusing on controlling inflation, and attaining a budget surplus. The current government largely follows the same prudent policies, but must contend with the impact of the global crisis and is facing growing pressure from special interest groups to use state-owned enterprises to deliver basic services to low-income areas and to increase job growth. More than one-quarter of Jumaane's population currently receives social grants.
The currency of Jumaane is the English Pound and the US Dollar.
Recently, in a voting session of the Full Member Nations of the AIN, the AINERO currency has been elected as the primary currency of all member nations, including the Tirnreich.
Under the unwritten Jumaane constitution, executive authority notionally lies with the monarch but is exercised only by and on the advice of the Cabinet, a collective body of the most senior minister of the Crown, who are appointed Privy Counselors. "The Government" is a collective noun that refers to all the ministers of the Crown, who are usually all members of one or other of the houses of Parliament. Members of the Government are, both individually and collectively, politically accountable to Parliament and the people for advice to Her Majesty and all actions carried out in her name by ministers and their Departments of the State.
H.M. Government's powers include general executive and statutory powers, delegated legislation, and numerous powers of appointment and patronage; however, some powerful officials and bodies, (e.g. H.M. Judges, Local Authorities, and the Charity Commission) are legally more or less independent of the Government, and Government powers are legally limited to those retained by the Crown under Common Law or granted and limited by Act of Parliament; both substantive and procedural limitations are enforceable in the Courts by judicial review.
The Government is led by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the Queen or King as the Member of Parliament most likely to command a majority in the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is based at 1616 Sullivan Avenue, which along with most government departments, is located in Mokolo. The Prime Minister selects the other members of the Government for appointment (and dismissal) by the Queen, but the entire Government must resign if they lose a vote of confidence in the House of Commons. By short-term fiscal and military legislation, Government is dependent upon Parliament, which means that in practice a government must seek re-election at least every five years.
The current Prime Minister is Tyler Dix, leader of the Conservative Party, who was formally appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on 17 November 2007 following the Jumaane General Election on 12 Nov 2007. The election failed to provide a decisive result, with the Conservatives as the biggest party within a hung parliament. A coalition government was formed on the 18th of November between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats.
Ministerial Departments Edit
- Attorney General's Office (AGO)
- Cabinet Office (CO)
- Department for Business, Innovation, and Skills (BIS)
- Department for Communites and Local Government (CLG)
- Department for Culture, Media, and Sport (DCMS)
- Department for Education (DfE)
- Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)
- Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
- Department of Health (DH)
- Department for International Developement (DFID)
- Department for Transport (DfT)
- Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)
- Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO)
- Government Equalities Office (GEO)
- Her Majesty's Treasurey (HMT)
- Home Office (HO)
- Ministry of Defence (MoD)
- Ministry of Justice (MoJ)
- Office of the Leader of the House of Commons
- Office of the Leader of the Senate
- Central Office of Information (COI)
- Charity Commission for Jumaane
- Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt (CRND)
- Crown Estate (CE)
- Crown Prosecution Services (CPS)
- Export Credits Guarantee Department (ECGD)
- Food Standards Agency (FSA)
- Forestry Commission
- Government Actuary's Department (GAD)
- HM Land Registry
- HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC)
- National School of Government (NSG)
- Office for Standards in Education (OFSTED)
- Office of Fair Trading (OFT)
- Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (OFGEM)
- Office of Rail Regulation (ORR)
- Parliamentary Counsel Office (PCO)
- Postal Services Commission (Postcomm)
- Public Works Loan Board (PWLB)
- Serious Fraud Office (SFO)
- Treasury Solicitor's Department (TSol)
- Jumaane Statistics Authority
- Jumaane Trade and Investmet (JTI)
- Water Services Regulation Authority (Ofwat)
The military of Jumaane is composed of the Jumaane Armed Forces, the Royal Air Force, and the Royal Navy.
Jumaane Armed Forces: The JAF, is the main defense group of the Jumaane. It operates several bases in the Jumaane, with its largest concentration Georgetown, Jumaane.
The JAF Infantry is split into 4 man groups, each one of these groups carries a L85A2 Rifle, an L85A2 Rifle with UGL, a Minimi Light Machine Gun, an L86A2 LSW, one 84mm Antitank Weapon, one light antistructure munition, 4 white phospherus smoke grenades, 8 high explosive grenades, and 4 smoke grenades.
Jumaane Royal Air Force: The JRAF, is the main airborne assault group of Jumaane. It currently operates out of the Okoboji, Jumaane.
The JRAF uses the Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4, Tornado GR4, Harrier GR9 for attack aircraft. The Eurofighter Typhoon F2, Tornado F3, and Sentry AEW1 are used as defence and early warning aircraft. Reconnaissance is operated by the MQ-9 Reaper UAV. Transportation responsibilities are with the C-17 Globemaster III and the C-130J Super Hercules.
Jumaane Royal Navy: The Jumaane Royal Navy is relatively small and patrols the coasts of Jumaane stopping illegal acts and serves somewhat more as a coast guard than a navy.
Jumaane is made up mainly of 3 ethnicities, they are the Natives, English, and Afrikaaner.
- Natives: 62%
- English: 12%
- Afrikaaner: 9%
- Other: 17%
The Tirnreich is served by all 3 forms of travel; air, sea, and land.
The Imperial Hekli Airfield serves as both a commuter airport as well as an Imperial Air Corps station. Commercial airlines from all around Europe have used the field, with a global openning soon to follow. It is currently the only airport in the Tirnreich.
The Tirnreich has a passenger and auto ferry system that links every city on a river. The primary stops are Baden-stadt, Nachtsburg, Kaelville, and Raumsfield. Industrial shipping operators use the Nachtsburg Seaport for receiving/sending containers as well as temporary storage.
On land, the Tirnreich Subway System has a presence in Baden-stadt and Nachtsburg, and will also operate in large cities that will eventually develope. The Ministry of Transportation has sent scouts to survey the land for future highway installments.
The Tirnreich has many things to do and landmarks to see. Among the activities to do is sailing from one of three marinas, visiting cultural venues such as the Baden-stadt library, or going to an opera at the Imperial Opera Haus in Baden-stadt.
The Tirnreich has various sports teams from different cities. Because of its European origins, the Tirnreich has a strong passian for football (soccer). Teams are active in Baden-stadt, Nachtsburg, Hekli, and soon to be Nord Park.
Teams in the Tirnreich Budesliga:
- Baden-stadt Dragons
- Nachtsburg Empire
- Hekli Reapers
- Nord Park Ambassadors
- Sudfeld Champions
Other sports played and broadcasted in the Tirnreich include American Football (played at college level), Tennis, Track and Field, and Sailing.